pejoratively adv : in a pejorative manner; "I am not using the word pejoratively"
- In a pejorative manner. Insultingly, disparagingly. Used in a manner to belittle or harm the reputation of another.
Words and phrases are pejorative if they imply disapproval or contempt. The adjective pejorative is synonymous with derogatory, derisive, dyslogistic, and contemptuous. When used as an adjective, pejorative has two meanings: (1) tending to make or become worse, and (2) tending to disparage or belittle. When used as a noun, pejorative means "a belittling or disparaging word or expression".
Pejorative expressions that are not inherently dyslogisms may also be used in a non-pejorative way, however, and determining the intent of the speaker is problematic — as with any implied meaning. Conversely, a common rhetorical ploy is to apply "pejorative" to a factual descriptor — as "toxic" might be applied to poison — and then decry it as "pejorative" to suit the agenda of those defending the substance as harmless.
Not every instance of criticism is pejorative.
Sometimes a term may begin as a pejorative word and eventually be adopted in a non-pejorative sense. This happened with the terms Quaker, Yankee, Okie, Tory and Whig, Ham radio operator, Methodist, Shaker, Unitarian and Sooner which were originally slang insults but came to be used as non-pejorative standard words. In historical linguistics, this phenomenon is known as melioration, or amelioration. Sometimes a term is still considered as a pejorative word by some but not by others. In other cases, some groups have attempted to reclaim formerly offensive words applied against them, with limited success. Such terms as nigger (nigga), "kike", redneck, cracker, white trash, Redskin, dyke, queer, fairy, faggot, tranny, geek, nerd, Paki, chav, or cripple are considered pejorative if used by one who is not a member of the group in question. British English also incorporates many British regional slurs.
pejoratively in Czech: Pejorativní
pejoratively in Danish: Pejorativ
pejoratively in German: Pejoration
pejoratively in Spanish: Peyorativo
pejoratively in French: Péjoratif
pejoratively in Hebrew: כינוי גנאי
pejoratively in Hungarian: Pejoratív jelző
pejoratively in Dutch: Pejoratief
pejoratively in Simple English: Pejorative
pejoratively in Slovak: Pejoratívum
pejoratively in Serbian: Пејоратив
pejoratively in Chinese: 貶義